Tagged: twibia

Micro League Baseball

Vol. 5

There’s an unknown curse that exists because of me. In October of 2001,
I inadvertently put a curse on the New York Yankees. Before I explain,
here are the answers to last week’s Triple Crown TWIBia, which serve as
a lead in to how this happened:

Oakland Invaders, 1989 World Micro Champs

1) .388 AVG, 14 HR, 100 RBI – Rod Carew 1977, 2B
2) .351 AVG, 23 HR, 89 RBI – Roberto Clemente 1961, RF
3) .317 AVG, 54 HR, 128 RBI – Mickey Mantle, 1961, CF
4) .317 AVG, 52 HR, 112 RBI – Willie Mays, 1965, LF
5) .322 AVG, 42 HR, 129 RBI – Billy Williams, 1970, DH
6) .311 AVG, 46 HR, 142 RBI – Orlando Cepeda, 1961, 1B
7) .317 AVG, 28 HR, 118 RBI – Brooks Robinson, 1964, 3B
8) .332 AVG, 18 HR, 100 RBI – Ted Simmons, 1975, C
9) .322 AVG, 8 HR, 79 RBI – Garry Templeton, 1977, SS

Of course, this collection of Hall of Famers and All-Stars never
played together on a real ball field, and never donned an Oakland
Invader cap or uniform. But they did exist as a Micro League Baseball
team, drafted by me when I was 13 years old.

Micro League Baseball was played on the Commodore 64, and if you’re
familiar with that computer I’m sure you marvel at the advancements
that have been made by silicone valley since then. Back then, you
worked hard to play a game, first having to type in Load “*”,8,1 (to
this day I have no idea why) and pray that it could read the huge
floppy disk that was shredded after multiple uses. If you got through
that initial process, you’d wait about 15 to 20 minutes for the game to
load up. Like some sort of Indian tracker, you had mastered all of the
curious sounds that the disk drive made and knew which rattle was good
and which rattle meant you had to reboot.

Once you had Micro loaded, the baseball world was your oyster.
However, this was a different type of baseball game that didn’t require
you to time a Tommy Euler curve like in Hard Ball, or have you decide
when to twirl a Roger McDowell flutter ball at Reggie Jackson in RBI
Baseball. No taped up Atari 2600 joystick required – Micro League was a
baseball game for the mind, a simulator in the tradition of
Strat-O-Matic baseball that challenged you to draft and manage a group
of players whose level of production was determined by their actual MLB
stats. With Micro, you had the option to type in any player you wanted
– just open up the Baseball Encyclopedia and field the team of your
dreams. You could put fictitious players in there as well – I had Roy
Hobbs, Sidd Finch and Crash Davis in there along with a young lefty
phenom named James Potocki. Josh Gibson and Satchel Paige were allowed
to play, too.

But the real fun was getting together with my Dad and two
cousins as we held a draft of players from 1960 and on, which at the
time ended with the 1986 season. The first round was:

1. Bob Gibson, 1968
2. Sandy Koufax, 1963
3. Rod Carew, 1977
4. George Brett, 1980

Brett’s Toledo Mudhens were led by Hank Aaron, Harmon Killebrew,
Dick Allen, Robin Yount and George Foster. Yet somehow they seemed
destined to rule the basement of the league, and that’s exactly what
they did, even after Bryan quit following an Opening Day loss. After
trades, trades, and more trades, I ended up with the lineup mentioned
earlier and somehow had the following pitching staff:

1. Dwight Gooden 1985
2. Juan Marichal 1966
3. Ron Guidry 1978
4. Vida Blue 1971
5. Denny McLain 1968
6. Dave McNally 1968
7. Luis Tiant 1968
8. Sparky Lyle 1974
9. Tug McGraw 1971
10. Bruce Sutter 1977

The Oakland Invaders would win the division but had to face my dad’s Slippery Rock Sliders in the World Series, who had:

1. Pete Rose 1969 2B
2. Wade Boggs 1985 DH
3. George Brett 1980 3B
4. Frank Robinson 1966 CF
5. Jim Rice 1978 LF
6. Roger Maris 1961 RF
7. Jim Gentile 1961 1B
8. Joe Torre 1971 C
9. Rico Petrocelli 1969 SS

Armed with Sandy Koufax and Steve Carlton in the rotation and
Dick Radatz and Ted Abernathy in the pen, they were pretty tough, and I
found my club down 3 games to 2 heading back to Oakland looking for a
miracle. Luckily for me, Game 6 would go down in the books with as much
drama as the real 1986 had. Trailing by 2 with nobody on and with 2
outs in the bottom of the 9th, Dick Radatz was on the hill for Slippery
Rock facing Oakland’s Rod Carew. A .363 hitter in the 1989 season,
Carew slashed a hard single to right field to keep my club alive.
Roberto Clemente, who platooned in the #2 hole with Cecil Cooper,
followed Carew with a blast to left-center that rattled the wall. Carew
jogged home with Clemente cruising into third with a triple that
reduced the lead to one. The scoreboard went into the monotone “charge”
sound effect as the virtual crowd (which looks a mesh of shiny pixels)
went crazy. That sent Mickey Mantle, the 1989 Micro MVP, to the plate.
The command “swing aggressively” was given, and Mantle responded by
rocketing a ball that clanged off the computer screen, only coming back
into view as it landed onto the right field wall. He chugged around the
bases, scoring Clemente with an unlikely back-to-back triple. Tie game.
Out came the manager, Radatz was pulled for Abernathy, who ushered a
free pass to Willie Mays. In stepped Billy Williams, who even though
the manager had no idea what he looked like, became his favorite after
hitting .340 on the game. The Sliders manager called for a changeup,
Billy swung aggressively, and hit an arcing Texas leaguer down the
right field line, driving in Mantle and winning the game. Game or no
game, and even though he was playing his 13 year old son, it was a
crushing blow that my Dad had to feel. Luis Tiant would then out-pitch
Sandy Koufax in Game 7, winning the Series for Oakland and a new Micro
fan for life.

22 years later, we’re still playing the game. Although the C64
and the actual Micro program are long gone, it lives on in new versions
that have enhanced play with upgraded information and speed of play. In
APBA’s Baseball for Windows, you can sim out a whole season in 10
minutes, print out in-depth draft sheets, and post results on the web.
It’s fueled a lifetime appreciation for the game of baseball and its
wonderful history, and has gone a long way in keeping relationships
going strong between family and friends. Right now we have a
progressive league that’s in its 16th season and takes up way too much
of my time. Much like in fantasy baseball, Micro can make you a fan of
players you’ve never seen play in person, or even a member of hometown
team’s biggest rival. You’ve scouted their statistics, and you have
weighed in on what type of player they are for the present and future.
You trade for them, or draft them high with hopes of winning the
elusive championship. And when they bring your club the pennant, it
doesn’t matter who they play for in real life. They’re playing for you.
For that reason, I’ll always take a Micro World Championship over my
favorite MLB club winning the World Series.
And this brings us back to 2001, when I put a horrible curse on my
favorite team, the New York Yankees. Amidst their push for their 27th
World Championship in October, I stated that wouldn’t care if the
Yankees never won another title if my Corpus Christi Crusaders won the
World Series. In the Micro world of 2001, Corpus Christi pulled it out
in 6. The Yankees – victimized by a Luis Gonzalez Texas Leaguer in Game
7 – lost their bid for a fourth straight title. They haven’t won since.
And I don’t have a single regret.

No TWIBia this week, but send any comments or suggestions to me at twib@mlb.com.

To return to the twib main page: twib.mlb.com

More TWIBia

Vol. 4

Answers to Triple Crown TWIBia #3

Okay, I’m sad to report I did have 2 typos last week. Strikeouts were
listed incorrectly for player #1 at 276; they should have read 268.
Also, strikeouts for player #6 should have been listed at 222, not 223.

1) 24 – 4, 1.53 ERA, 268 strikeouts: Dwight Gooden, 1985
For me, this pitching line was the genesis for memorizing stats. Anyone
who was lucky enough to see 20-year-old Dr. K fire in 96 mph heat with
a curveball so deadly it was dubbed “Lord Charles” had the pleasure of
seeing one of the finest pitched seasons of all time.

You Could Look It Up

Smokey Joe Wood

2) 34 – 5, 1.91 ERA, 258 strikeouts: Smokey Joe Wood, 1912
Walter Johnson was asked if he threw harder than Joe Wood. His reply
was, “mister, no one throws harder than Smokey Joe Wood.” Smokey Joe
was 22 years old when he led the Red Sox to their 2nd World Series
title. His classic 1-0 duel that season versus the Big Train is the
stuff of legend. Although his pitching career was cut short due to
injury, he made a gallant comeback as an outfielder, hitting .366 in
3) 26 – 9, 1.94 ERA, 275 strikeouts: Hal Newhouser, 1946
Leading the league in wins four times, Prince Hal won back to back AL
MVPs in 1944 and 1945, and finished 2nd in 1946 to Ted Williams. He was
finally inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1992.
4) 25 – 3, 1.74 ERA, 248 strikeouts: Ron Guidry, 1978
With a mark of .893 in 1978, Gator posted the highest season winning
percentage of all time for a 20 game winner. While never having a
strong push for HOF consideration, his career totals are quite similar
to Sandy Koufax.
5) 24 – 8, 1.82 ERA, 301 strikeouts: Vida Blue, 1971
Gracing the cover of Time magazine in 1971, Vida was another young
phenom when he exploded onto the scene at age 21. A’s owner Charlie O.
Finley even asked him to change his first name to “True”. Thankfully he
6) 25 – 6, 2.23 ERA, 222 strikeouts – Juan Marichal, 1966
The Dominican Dandy may be the finest post 1956 pitcher to never win
the Cy Young Award. With his majestic high leg kick, Juan won 20 games
six times and had a lifetime 2.89 ERA. His 1966 season featured a
ridiculous 0.86 WHIP.
7) 18 – 6, 1.74 ERA, 284 strikeouts – Pedro Martinez, 2000
Ah, Pedro. Although most think of his amazing 1999 season as his
finest, 2000 was even better. Every member of the 2000 Red Sox lineup
should be bullwhipped for not scoring enough in his starts to get this
guy 20 wins that year. His 0.74 WHIP and adjusted ERA+ of 291 that year
are all time bests.
8) 28 – 12, 1.53 ERA, 150 strikeouts – Eddie Cicotte, 1917
One of the eight players banished from the game because of the 1919
Black Sox scandal, Cicotte may have gotten some HOF consideration if
his career was allowed to continue. It’s interesting to note that the
1919 team had 3 players inducted into the Hall – Eddie Collins, Ray
Schalk, and Red Faber. I think Shoeless Joe and Cicotte would have
joined them.
9) 23 – 12, 1.75 ERA, 170 strikeouts – Babe Ruth, 1916
The original Roy Hobbs, the big guy was a dominating pitcher before he
became the greatest hitter of all time. Actually while he was on his
way to being the greatest hitter of all time – he led the league in
homeruns in 1918 while winning 13 games as a pitcher. Ruth was 3-0 with
a 0.87 ERA pitching in the World Series for the Red Sox championship
teams of 1916 and 1918.
10) 6 – 1, 2.48 ERA, 43 strikeouts – Satchel Paige, 1948
The ultimate “what if” story, the legendary Satchel Paige was a 41-
year-old rookie when he finally got his MLB break after being the most
famous pitcher in Negro League history. His performance down the
stretch helped propel the Cleveland Indians to their last WS title.

Once again, our lone perfect score belongs to Greg Holcombe. Greg
is now 25 for 25. Greg, I’m humbled. To paraphrase Chet from “Weird
Science”, I’m considering making up some stuff this week.

That’s it for now. Make sure you check out the show, we’re all over the Rockies this week.

Triple Crown TWIBia #4

1) .388 AVG, 14 HR, 100 RBI
2) .351 AVG, 23 HR, 89 RBI
3) .317 AVG, 54 HR, 128 RBI
4) .317 AVG, 52 HR, 112 RBI
5) .322 AVG, 42 HR, 129 RBI
6) .311 AVG, 46 HR, 142 RBI
7) .317 AVG, 28 HR, 118 RBI
8) .332 AVG, 18 HR, 100 RBI
9) .322 AVG, 8 HR, 79 RBI

As always, submit your guesses to me at twib@mlb.com.

To return to the twib main page: twib.mlb.com

Ajusted ERA+

Vol. 3

Pedro Martinez

Pedro in 1999 (Ezra O. Shaw/Getty Images).

This week, TWIB looks at the ever expanding global presence in the game
by taking viewers inside two of baseball’s newest frontiers: China and
Colombia. While Asian countries like South Korea and Japan have
embraced the game for decades, China is getting a crash course intro to
baseball – they participated in the first World Baseball Classic, and
will compete in the 2008 Summer Olympics. Furthering this progress, MLB
held an exhibition series there this offseason with the Dodgers and the
Padres, and TWIB was there covering all the action. And while Latin
American countries have been pumping out MLB talent like model-T Fords,
surprisingly only seven MLB players have ever called Colombia their
place of birth. Among the seven is Orlando Cabrera, and he’s doing his
part to raise that number by working with his own baseball club in the
offseason. Once again, TWIB tagged along, capturing stuff you won’t see
anywhere else. Hopefully you’ll enjoy those two pieces this week.

To coincide with this global theme on TWIB, naturally I want to
talk to you about a stat called adjusted ERA+. What, you don’t see the
connection? Don’t worry, I’ll get you there, and give you a little
adjusted ERA+ 101 in the process. But first, have you tried to compare
pitchers like Tom Seaver to Greg Maddux, or Sandy Koufax to Lefty
Grove, and were told you can’t compare pitchers from different eras?
Well you can, sort of, with the help of adjusted ERA+, a stat that
attempts to reveal how a pitcher performs compared to the rest of his

According to www.baseball-reference.com,
adjusted ERA+, or *ERA+ for short, is the ratio of the league’s ERA,
factoring in the effect of the pitcher’s ballpark (the adjusted part)
to that of the pitcher. A score over 100 indicates the pitcher
performed above average and a score less than 100 means the pitcher
performed below average. For instance, if Pittsburgh Pirate pitcher A
posts a 4.35 ERA and the league ERA in PNC Park is 4.35 (which it was
in 2007), his *ERA+ would be 100, meaning that he pitched at the league
average for 2007 in PNC Park. Paul Maholm posted a 5.02 ERA in 2007,
putting his *ERA+ at 87, making him a below league average pitcher. Ian
Snell had a 3.76 ERA, giving him a 116 *ERA+, indicating he pitched
above the league average.

Adjusting the league ERA for ballpark factor is important because of
how much of an impact stadiums can have on scoring. An easy example is
Coors Field, which is widely regarded as a hitter’s park. So when Aaron
Cook posted a 4.12 ERA, it gave him an *ERA+ of 116 (the same as Ian
Snell) because the ERA of Coors Field was 4.79.

*ERA+ can be compiled for any pitcher from any season in
history, giving us a wealth of information to have some fun with. Most
people look at Bob Gibson’s 1968 ERA of 1.12 as the benchmark for
pitching excellence, but how much is his *ERA+ affected by the pitching
dominant 1968 season? Even though the adjusted league ERA for Gibson in
1968 was 2.90, his 1.12 ERA gave him an amazing ERA+ score of 258, good
for 7th on the all-time single season list. However it might surprise
you to know that right ahead of him on that list with an *ERA+ of 259
is Walter Johnson, whose 1.14 ERA in 1913 rates a little better because
his league average ERA was 2.96.

*ERA+ is also gathered for career totals, so back to the
debates: who was better, Tom Seaver or Greg Maddux; Koufax or Grove?
We’ll never know for sure, but at least now we can know who pitched
better in relation to his league – Seaver posted a career *ERA+ of 127
while Maddux currently has an ERA+ of 134. Koufax posted a career 131
*ERA+, but Lefty Grove has the 2nd highest career ERA+ with 148, which
finally leads into why we’re talking about this in conjunction with a
global game theme show. The all-time *ERA+ leader is Dominican born
Pedro Martinez, with a career mark of 160. Pedro also owns the highest
*ERA+ for a single season with a staggering 291 in 2000, indicating his
1.74 ERA was nearly three times better than the adjusted league average
of 5.07. In fact, Pedro topped the 200 *ERA+ level a record five times
in his career. So let’s have three cheers for Pedro Martinez, the most
dominant pitcher in baseball history, courtesy of the Dominican

Before we get too excited, *ERA+ is not all encompassing.
First, it measures an average, which doesn’t take into account
longevity and how many innings you’ve thrown. Because of this, the
career *ERA+ list is flooded with relievers. Also, the measurement
isn’t exact, as it roughly adjusts for the ballpark factor, which
itself is sometimes questioned for its accuracy. And like any other
stat, it only lets you know how a player performed in his own
environment. So while we can’t say Pedro Martinez is the greatest
pitcher of all time with any concrete evidence, we can say he dominated
his league like nobody before or since. Regardless, have some fun with
the power of comparing history’s greatest pitchers with a single
number. And by the way, you can do the same things with hitters, using

The Top 10 career *ERA+ scores for starting pitchers, minimum 2000 IP:

1. Pedro Martinez – 160
2. Lefty Grove – 148
3. Walter Johnson – 147
4. Ed Walsh – 146
5. Roger Clemens – 143
6. Addie Joss – 142
7. Al Spaulding – 142
8. Kid Nichols – 140
9. Randy Johnson – 139
10. Cy Young and Three Finger Brown – 138

For a more detailed description of *ERA+ and the actual formula, you could look it up at: http://www.baseball-stats-online.com/bbso/glossary/pglossary.html

Triple Crown TWIBia #2 answers

Last week, hoped you guessed it, I was paying homage our show’s subject, the Phillies.

1) .386 AVG, 40 HR, 170 RBI – Chuck Klein, OF, 1930
2) .407 AVG, 13 HR, 141 RBI – Sam Thompson, OF, 1894
3) .316 AVG, 31 HR, 91 RBI – Mike Schmidt, 3B, 1981
4) .272 AVG, 28 HR, 100 RBI – Juan Samuel, 2B, 1987
5) .317 AVG, 40 HR, 110 RBI – Dick Allen, 3B, 1966

At press time, Greg Holcombe was our lone 5 for 5 contestant from last week. He’s now 15 for 15 overall.

Triple Crown TWIBia #3

Let’s do some pitching triple crown stats, which are wins, ERA,
and strikeouts. I’m listing the pitcher’s win-loss records, because for
me they go hand in hand in defining a season. And with all of these, I
hope you take the time to fish around for the answers; hit the books or
the websites. There’s no cheating here, it’s just an exercise in
learning about baseball’s glorious past and present. My favorite
resource is www.baseball-reference.com

1) 24 – 4, 1.53 ERA, 268 strikeouts
2) 34 – 5, 1.91 ERA, 258 strikeouts
3) 26 – 9, 1.94 ERA, 275 strikeouts
4) 25 – 3, 1.74 ERA, 248 strikeouts
5) 24 – 8, 1.82 ERA, 301 strikeouts
6) 25 – 6, 2.23 ERA, 222 strikeouts
7) 18 – 6, 1.74 ERA, 284 strikeouts
8) 28 – 12, 1.53 ERA, 150 strikeouts
9) 23 – 12, 1.75 ERA, 170 strikeouts
10) 6 – 1, 2.48 ERA, 43 strikeouts

To return to the twib main page: twib.mlb.com

Upcoming TWIB episodes

Vol. 2

Answers to last week’s Triple Crown TWIBia

1) .363 AVG, 49 HR, 165 RBI – Lou Gehrig, 1B, 1934
Although best known for his landmark 1939 inspirational speech,
“biscuit pants” could swing the lumber with the very best. The Iron
Horse won the 1934 AL Triple Crown with these numbers: in fact, he led
all of MLB in these categories, as well as OBP and SLG. In spite of
this, he finished fifth in the MVP voting to Mickey Cochrane – who won
the award as player-manager for the first place Tigers with a .320
average and 2 homeruns.

2) .301 AVG, 23 HR, 74 RBI – Carl Yastrzemski, OF, 1968
year after winning MLB’s last Triple Crown, Yaz won the batting title
in the Year of the Pitcher with a .301 average: the lowest for any
batting crown in MLB history.

3) .320 AVG, 52 HR, 149 RBI – George Foster, OF, 1977
The sometimes forgotten slugger that was an integral part of the Big
Red Machine, Foster put up some monster numbers in 1977, and posted the
highest HR total since Willie Mays in 1965. While Cecil Fielder reached
the 50-homer plateau in 1990, Foster’s total wouldn’t be equaled until
Mark McGwire’s 52 round-trippers in 1996. His 149 RBI total was the
highest since Tommy Davis drove in 153 in 1962, and wouldn’t be
eclipsed until Andres Galarraga tallied 150 in 1996.

4) .354 AVG, 10 HR, 109 RBI – Honus Wagner, SS, 1908
One of
the game’s all-time greatest hitters had perhaps his finest season in
1908, leading the league in over 11 different hitting categories. Honus
would win eight NL batting crowns over his career, a record only
matched by Tony Gwynn.

5) .401 AVG, 42 HR, 152 RBI – Rogers Hornsby, 2B, 1922
think of Ted Williams and his 1941 average of .406 as the benchmark for
batting average, but Hornsby averaged over .400 for a five season
period (1921-25), including a career high of .424 in 1924. He remains
the only player in history reach the 40 homer – .400 average marks in
the same season.

6) .345 AVG, 41 HR, 110 RBI – Willie Mays, OF, 1954
When you
think of Willie Mays and 1954 you think of his awe-inspiring World
Series catch, but at age 23 he may have had his finest season at the
plate, winning the MVP as the Giants overtook the 111 win Indians for
the title.

7) .398 AVG, 32 HR, 122 RBI – Lefty O’Doul, OF, 1929
as a pitcher and out of baseball at age 26, Lefty worked on becoming a
hitter in the minors and did he ever – returning at age 31 as a
ferocious slugger who went on to win 2 batting titles and post a career
.349 average.

8) .362 AVG, 40 HR, 124 RBI – Mike Piazza, C, 1997
the greatest hitter never to win an MVP or lead the league in a major
hitting category, Mike Piazza’s 1997 performance remains the finest
season a catcher has ever had at the plate. Piazza would finish 2nd in
MVP voting to Larry Walker.

9) .313 AVG, 47 HR, 129 RBI – Ernie Banks, SS, 1958
before Cal Ripken allegedly revolutionized the position by being a big
man, 6’1” Ernie Banks was pumping out 40 homer seasons as a shortstop,
reaching the plateau 4 times as a full time shortstop. Make that 5 if
you count 1957, when he hit 43 HR while playing 58 games at 3B and 100
as ****. Only Alex Rodriguez has more 40 homer seasons as a shortstop.

10) .391 AVG, 1 HR, 33 RBI – John McGraw, 3B, 1898
Before he
became one of the all-time greatest managers, McGraw was a heck of a
ballplayer that knew the value of getting on base, posting a lifetime
.334 batting average and an amazing .466 career on base percentage –
the 3rd highest total in MLB history that trails only Ted Williams and
Babe Ruth.

Last week’s 10 for 10 performances:

Brett Bonacum
Greg Holcombe

Good job, boys.

Phew, that was a lot to get through. Now I don’t have time to write about much else! I’ll keep the TWIBia to 5 for this week.

Anyhow, this week’s episode of TWIB features the Philadelphia
Phillies. We spent time with the reigning NL East champs as they spoke
about last season’s dramatic finish, and what how they hope to build on
that success by going deeper into the postseason this October. Shane
Victorino and Kyle Kendrick gave us a tour of their new pad, and Brett
Myers was kind enough to wear a wireless microphone in game as he gave
a little color commentary from the dugout as the Phils took on the

The week after TWIB will take a look at baseball around the
globe, starting with the tour of China. You’ll get to see all the
inside access as we trailed Trevor Hoffman on his visit to the Great
Wall, and you’ll hear from Joe Torre as he was wired in the dugout for
an exhibition game.

I hope you continue to tune in each week, and thanks for checking the website. As always, you can email us at twib@mlb.com with questions, suggestions, and of course your TWIBia answers.

Triple Crown TWIBia #2

1. .386 AVG, 40 HR, 170 RBI
2. .407 AVG, 13 HR, 141 RBI
3. .316 AVG, 31 HR, 91 RBI
4. .272 AVG, 28 HR, 100 RBI
5. .317 AVG, 40 HR, 110 RBI